Safety Rules

Safety Rules: Why and How They Must Be Observed

Safety Rules are the principles or conditions that govern the behavior of individuals, especially in the studio or workshop. Generally speaking, these safety rules ensure that the tools and materials are used responsibly to prevent the contraction of diseases, injury or possibly the death of persons.

In the various Senior High Schools, practical lessons in art are carried out with several art materials which are unsafe or possibly deadly materials almost every day. Most of the art supplies that are used in our schools contain high levels of chemicals, such as hexane, lead, toluene, and asbestos, and many people are unaware of the danger that these substances pose, both to art students and to teachers. In fact, the danger to art teachers, who are often exposed to these toxins for several hours a day for many years, is often greater than what the student experiences. There is, therefore, the need for Visual arts teachers and students to become aware of the potential hazards in using art materials.

There are three ways in which such chemicals can enter the body:

i. Absorption – hazardous chemical are absorbed through the skin from cuts or scrapes, resulting in burns or rashes, or into the bloodstream, moving to and damaging other parts of the body.

ii. Inhalation – chemical irritants can be inhaled, causing lung problems like bronchitis and emphysema. Inhaling small particles, like the free silica in clay dust, can cause pulmonary fibrosis or asthma.

iii. Ingestion – chemicals can be ingested by touching the mouth with the hands or fingers while working with supplies or unconsciously placing tools like paint brushes in or near the mouth.

Owing to the health hazards associated with the art supplies, there is the need for both art teachers and students to observe some essential safety rules while working with the art supplies. Art teachers and students should note that manufacturers of art materials are not required by law to state the ingredients used in producing the material. The label non-toxic, for example, does not guarantee a product’s safety. According to federal regulations, toxicity means that a single exposure can be fatal to adults. The effect on adolescents and children, who are more likely to be harmed by dangerous substances, is not considered in this definition.

Also, the likelihood of developing chronic or long-term illnesses is not addressed by the legal definition of toxicity. Constant exposure to nontoxic materials is not always safe. Many art supplies contain materials that can cause acute illness. Long-term exposure to such substances can cause chronic illness after repeated exposure or cancer. Hence, safety rules must be meticulously observed by art teachers and students. This would ensure that they are protected from contracting dangerous diseases that can endanger their lives. Some of these safety rules are listed below.

1. Precautionary measures and guidelines must be instituted and adhered to when selecting and using art tools and materials. Art teachers and instructors are responsible for setting these guidelines for the usage of the art tools and materials. Students must cooperate and heed to the precautionary measures and guidelines given to them by their teachers.

2. Art teachers and students must know the chemistry or chemical constituents of the materials to be used for practical lessons and what potential hazards they can cause. This would alert them on whether to use them and/or what preventive measures they can take to avoid any health hazards.

3. The use of aerosol/spray cans (a dispenser that holds a substance like colour under pressure usually by blowing air with the mouth or otherwise to release it as fine sprays) should not be encouraged because the spray can injure lungs.

4. Dust-producing materials, such as pastels, plasters, chalks, powdered tempera, pigments, dyes, and instant should be used with a higher degree of care and in a well-ventilated area. If possible, these materials should be used outside to prevent inhalation of the particles.

5. Do not use solvents such as lacquers, paint thinners, turpentine, shellacs, solvent- based inks, rubber cement, and permanent markers in an enclosed area but preferably in an open area.

6. Do not use old materials. Current materials should be used for art productions. This is because many art supplies that were formerly used contained highly dangerous substances, such as arsenic (a white powdered poisonous trioxide used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide and weed killer), or raw lead compounds, or high levels of asbestos. Older solvents may contain chloroform or carbon tetrachloride.

7. Working conditions in the art room sometimes affect safety. A disorderly art room leads to unsafe conditions, particularly when there are many people working close to each other. An orderly art room is absolutely essential to the students’ and teacher’s safety.

8. Control the

Merchant Ship Safety

Merchant Ship Safety

Any retailer understands that customers now expect choice. In order to compete on the global market, it is important to provide customers with what they want. Without imports, the range of goods on offer would be significantly reduced, so we have become reliant on the ability to transport huge volumes of goods around the world.

As the global population has grown, so has the demand for goods. As the most viable means of cargo transportation, 80% of the products we buy and sell are shipped by boat. In response to the need to ship ever greater loads, advances in technology have enabled the development of unbelievably large vessels. These mega container ships have the capacity to carry over 10,000 containers, yet they can still float.

Merchant shipping fleets have also had to expand, so at any one time there are in excess of 50,000 merchant ships voyaging across the world’s oceans.

This is great news for consumers who want to stock up in the supermarkets, invest in a new car, buy the latest gadget or update their wardrobe. It does, however, impact on the safety of vessels, both in the open seas and in busy ports.

Port Provisions

It is one thing to design and build a mega-sized container ship, but in order for it to operate, it is essential that shipping channels and port provisions can cope with vessels of such a grand scale.

In recent decades many of the world’s largest ports have had to invest in expansion plans in order that the new merchant ships, which can be over 390 meters in length, can reach the port and manoeuvre safely. The cranes, logistics and on-going infrastructure also need to be in place to successfully load and unload the ships.

When at the helm of such an imposing vessel, it takes time for the ship to respond to the controls. External factors such as strong winds or the movement of other vessels impact on how the ship moves. The captain and port controllers have to factor all of this in when bringing a ship into or out of port.

It is now a regular occurrence for large vessels to be passing along narrow shipping lanes in order to dock. This is a high-risk situation, where everyone involved has to be fully engaged in order to prevent a safety disaster.

In addition to providing a safe passage for ships, port employees also need to ensure that every vessel is compliant with marine regulations. This includes onboard checks of equipment, crew conditions, medical supplies for ships and the safe handling of hazardous goods.

Meanwhile, the on-board officers may need to take responsibility for balancing the load, crew safety, navigation, security and medical care in addition to their main duty.

Modern vessels benefit from internal alarms to warn of any onboard issues, along with radar and advanced communication systems. Despite this, there is still a need for paper charts, binoculars and other traditional maritime resources.

Dover Strait

As an island nation, the UK is reliant on shipping to transport goods. Felixstowe, Grimsby & Immingham and the Port of London are amongst the largest trade ports and provide a link with mainland Europe. It is therefore little wonder that the Dover Strait is one of the busiest shipping channels in the world.

Material Safety

Material Safety Data Sheets Are Almost the Same As SDS

Data sheets for chemicals provide vital information that helps people employed in the process flow to better understand associated hazards and take suitable precautions. It is the right of employees and people in the chain to have access to this information. These data sheets were prepared to OSHA’s HazCom 1994 guidelines. Since the introduction of GHS, the data sheets are required to conform to the guidelines of HazCom 2012.

Material Safety Data Sheets have been in existence for decades and there are millions of them applicable to a variety of chemicals and formulation. In essence, the MSDS for a chemical is a document that gives complete information about the hazardous nature of the chemical, it’s safe handling, storage, and disposal. Chemical manufacturers and distributors must prepare the data sheet and distribute to downstream users. The earlier guidelines provided for employees’ right to know in addition to other responsibilities of manufacturers/distributors such as maintaining a hazard communication program, maintain an inventory of chemicals, maintain proper warning signs and labels as well as training employees in preventive and response situations.

Since the introduction of the new HazCom 2012, all such manufacturers must update their MSDS to SDS that is a uniform system of classification that, more or less, follows the earlier MSDS but varies in structure with 16 sections in a strict order. The information contained in the new SDS is not that different from earlier MSDS. A manufacturer or distributor only needs to prepare safety data sheets by incorporating information from the earlier documents. However, there is a niggle in that under the GHS some chemicals have been reclassified and their hazard levels have been revised. This means manufacturers or distributors need to take a careful look at all the chemicals and consider the previous classification as well as the new classification and prepare the SDS accordingly based on earlier documents with necessary modifications. Another requirement is that warning signs, labels and documents must contain information couched in unambiguous language.

It is possible for a manufacturer or distributor of chemicals to undertake this task but it may be time-consuming and there is always a possibility that such people tasked with updating MSDS to SDS may lack the necessary knowledge to correctly interpret new GHS standards. This task is best left to experts. However, what can be done in house is that specific employee may be delegated the task and may oversee training of employees and handle the MSDS library. Updating to new systems also means computerization of records and making the older as well as newer documentation available in electronic format. Not only employees but also downstream users and buyers can be given access to information that can be vital in saving lives and preventing accidents at work. In the majority of cases, the older classified chemicals may not require much revision and those that do can easily be handled by an external professional SDS service provider. The service provider not only helps in preparing new SDS from older MSDS, reclassifying chemicals where necessary but also in conversion to electronic formats.

Safety Management

Safety Management Series – Open Letter to CEOs and Their Management Teams About Safety Excellence

Here are the Top 10 New Year’s Resolutions You Can Actually DO! Make 2017 the year your company achieves Safety Excellence… here’s how you do it:

1) Make safety look more like your business and less like a “program.”

Safely is HOW we do our work. It’s NOT a program, it’s not a special set of activities any more than efficiency is a program. Challenge the people that work in your organization to create safe, efficient and effective production of your goods and services. Then resource their efforts.

2) You’re paid to get results, not prevent things.

STOP preventing accidents and start creating safety (See Resolution #1)! You’re in the business of adding value to your stakeholders and shareholders. You’re not in the C Suite to Prevent Loss!

3) Zero isn’t a valid Safety Goal – It’s not about safety at all!

Not sure how or when it happened but this ZERO chant has to stop. A company can have ZERO injuries and do absolutely nothing. There’s a problem with celebrating a goal that can happen just by chance! Set SAFETY goals (doing things that create safety) and lose the non-injury goals. The people who work for your company can be working in very unsafe ways. If they don’t get caught by an injury they may believe that you still want them to work that way.

Don’t ask about injuries that didn’t happen, ask questions about what your corporation is doing to create Safety. Measure those things and you’ll get better at safety.

4) The few can’t control the many.

The idea that supervisors are in control of safety and can do all of the safety work is insane. Engage your workers in creating safe work. Give them the time and resources to become your safety leaders!

5) What you show interest in is what is important.

Show your sincere interest in how your company is working safely. Get out of your office and ask a lot of questions about safety. Every time you ask about efficiency and effectiveness, add the work “SAFELY.” For example: “How long is it going to take to SAFELY complete that portion of the project?” Another example is “How much will it cost for us to SAFELY get that part of the project done?” Adding the word SAFELY to your assignments is powerful. Then as a follow-up, when they tell you it’s done… ask them how they ensured it was done safely?

6) Think about START, STOP, CONTINUE.

Want a goal better than Zero Injuries? Ask your people to create activities around STOP, START, CONTINUE. Ask them what they are going to STOP doing to make their work safer. What can they START doing that they are not now doing that could make their work safer? Finally have them identify what they are doing now that is making their work safe and how are they ensuring that they are doing work that way every time they do it.

7) Lead don’t follow.

Leaders inspire. If you want your corporation to be safety excellent you need to create that challenge, resource the efforts and measure A LOT. Giving everyone (including yourselves) safety activities to do and make those responsibilities nested in job descriptions and performance evaluations will do much more than ZERO injuries chants (See Resolution #3).

8) Create Safety Excellence WITH your employees and contractors.

As a management team you need to get out of your offices and sit with your people and ask them what YOU can do to help them create safety in their work. Train them (and attend the training yourselves) how to create safety. Show them your interest by your actions… words are cheap… actions show REAL commitment!

9) STOP just being “Committed to Safety” and actually DO SOMETHING.

See Resolution #8. Make a commitment as a management team to do a list of activities in the coming year that demonstrates that your team has “skin in the game” of creating safety excellence. Then tell your Board of Directors that you have made completion of those activities part of your “at risk pay” performance evaluation. If you don’t do the work you don’t get the bonus!

10) Trust your Supervisors & Employees to be Safety Leaders.

This is the most important of all. Your people are more than capable to create safety excellence in their work. You trust that they will give your production of goods and service… make it a condition of your measurement of GREAT outcomes that they demonstrate that they are doing that work safely. Lack of injury does NOT do that. Actually working safely is the only measure of safety excellence.

Injury Free Worksite

Tips: Injury Free Worksite

Keeping workers safe is the best way to keep your workers’ compensation costs down.

Tips

Assess the risks

Before sending workers into areas with known or unknown hazards, companies should be very familiar with the risks involved. For example: construction workers shouldn’t put ladders or scaffolding on unstable grounds, electrical workers shouldn’t be lifting utility wires on windy days, a roofer should not be installing truss in high winds, and office workers shouldn’t be sent on an errand in a company car that has issues with the basic equip like balding tires and it raining outside.

Companies can begin to identify risks by looking at the worker, tasks to be done, tools and the environment and how they may relate to one another. Some things to consider include overhead obstructions, power lines, moving equipment at the site, debris such as tree branches or cords, drop-offs or holes, rain, snow and other weather conditions, inadequate ventilation or lighting and the condition and age of the safety equipment or all equipment on the job.

Assess the situation

· Walk and look around the worksite. Take notes of anything you see that may be a problem or concern.

· Talking with people familiar with the work. They may have valuable information. Get employees involved in the process. Take a look at the equipment they are using regularly to make sure it is being properly maintained.

· Visit OSHA’s website. They provide good information regarding Hazards and safety guidance.

· Read the instructions and material safety data sheets from manufacturers.

Once hazards are identified, there are various controls to reduce risks to employees.

Train/ Educate Workers

Your workers need to know what the risks are and how to avoid them. Without training a disaster is likely to occur. For example, if falling debris is a danger, workers should be told to keep a distance and wear head protection at all times.

Also consider, assigning responsibilities to specific personnel better ensures proper oversight is taken. Every employee needs to be aware of their own responsibilities for health and safety, and be familiar with ways to manage the hazards. All employees who may be exposed to a workplace hazard should be required to receive training.

Issues they should understand are:

· Emergency procedures

· Injury/incident reporting procedure

· What to do if someone is injured

· Proper use and maintenance of the equipment

Prepping for Specific Activities.

Employers should make all necessary preparations before workers enter the worksite. Never seen an employee to a worksite, that has not been inspected.

Conduct a prep session before the work begins. This session before the work begins allows one more opportunity to make sure workers know what they will be doing, how to prevent injuries, and give the employee the opportunity to ask any questions or comments they may have about the job and the worksite. Often workers come to a worksite and have experienced risk situation that maybe helpful to the employer as well. Depending on the worksite, it might also be advisable to act out skits where employees could or will face hazards and how they should handle them.